Parent-to-child anxiety transmission in early childhood: Capturing in-the-moment mechanisms through emotion modeling and biological synchrony
Anxiety can emerge as early as pre-school age (4-6) and is often linked to anxiety in the parent. This study will examine patterns of brain and behavioral synchrony in parent-child pairs as they complete puzzles together and other social activities.
This is a longitudinal study examining the role that parent-child synchrony and emotional modeling plays in the transmission of anxiety. Participants will complete yearly laboratory visits and 6-month follow-up visits. The yearly laboratory visits (V1,3,5) will include a battery of tasks and questionnaires, but the six-month follow-up visits(V2,4) will only include online questionnaires. Participants at both Penn State and Washington University, St. Louis will follow the same procedures.
Participating families will be given $100 at each of V1 and V3, $25 for each of the follow-ups at V2 and V4, $100 and a $50 completion bonus at V5, for a total amount of $400.
Children without serious medical issues or complications
Parents or caregivers aged 18 or older
Children diagnosed with any neurological disorders and/or diseases
Children unable to communicate at a level similar to their peers
Children that have experienced a head injury with a loss of consciousness
Children 0 to 3 years of age; Children 7 and older