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Sleep and eating behaviors in rural preadolescent children (Tween SPACE [Sleep Patterns, Appetite Control, and Environment])
The goal of this study is to learn about how children's sleep is related to their eating behaviors the next day. We are also interested in learning about factors that relate to eating behaviors and sleep health that are specific to preadolescent children living in rural communities. Participants will complete two virtual study visits via Zoom, answer surveys, and wear sleep and physical activity monitors for 2 weeks in their own homes.
- Study materials will be mailed to participants- Parent and child will attend a Zoom visit with a researcher to go over study procedures and measure child's height and weight- Child will wear a sleep monitor on their wrist and physical activity monitor around their waist continuously for 14 days- Child will attend a second Zoom visit to complete questionnaires- Parent will complete an online survey- Participants will return study materials via provided, prepaid shipping packaging
Living in a rural zip code in United States (as defined by Health Resources & Services Administration)
Child BMI-for-age >=85th percentile OR BMI-for-age >=15th percentile plus one biological parent with overweight
Able to read and answer questions in English
Unable to connect to Zoom session via internet or cell-phone data
Unable to receive and sign for package with study supplies
Parent/child living in the same household as a previous or current participant in the study
Testing the Risk Preferences of Engineering Students under Conditions of Limited Information, Sleep, Optimism, and Time Constraints
This is a study that will examine how engineers make decisions under certain conditions and the factors that drive these decisions. The game will be used to simulate different engineering scenarios. All you need to do is play an online game with 3 different scenarios and choose what you feel is the better design based on the available information.
Over 18 years old
Smart Connected Water Bottle and Lighting Devices: A Prenatal Pilot Study
We will conduct a pilot study to test feasibility of an innovative light device and blue-light glasses for promoting better sleep and a novel, smart water bottle for proper hydration. We will also examine women’s sleep and hydration behaviors in relation to their perceptions of pain, and obtain feedback from the participants on the overall patient intervention content to reduce prescription opioid use and promote behavioral pain management strategies after delivery.
Currently recruiting pregnant women who are in their 2nd or 3rd trimester.Attend a pre-session (in person OR remote) to explain the use of the water bottle, lighting devices, activity monitors, and weight scaleUse the devices for 22 days and complete surveys in your own homeAttend a post-session (in person OR remote) to return devices and participate an interview about the last 22 days
2nd or 3rd trimester
Reside around State College, PA
Diagnosed eating disorders/extreme dietary restrictions
Currently diagnosed with gestational diabetes
Currently diagnosed with pre-eclampsia
Longitudinal Associations Between Food Insecurity, Diet, Mental Health, Sleep and Academic Outcomes in College Students
This is a questionnaire study that seeks to discover the prevalence of food insecurity at PSU's University Park campus over the course of a semester and the relationship between long-term food insecurity and academic outcomes, as mediated by mental health and sleep outcomes.
Must be in their 2nd semester during Spring 2021
Must have internet access
Must be at least 18 years old
Must not have children or other dependents
Has diagnosed mental disorders
Is unable to read, write or understand English fluently
Evaluating the consequences of mistimed light-emitting device use on cardiac activity and sleep health
The study is being done to find out whether wearing blue light-blocking glasses in the evening improves subsequent sleep. This is a 21-day study where participants will be asked to wear a sleep-monitoring “actiwatch”, an activity monitor, and a heart tracker, as well as to provide screenshots of their smartphone’s screen time app for three weeks. Participants will also be given the option to wear a blood pressure cuff on their arm for three days during the second half of each week, for a total of nine days.
Study participants will be asked to wear small devices on their wrist, hip, and shirt collar, and provide screenshots of their smartphone screen time app for three weeks. During the second and third weeks, participants will be asked to wear a pair of blue light-blocking glasses. Halfway through each week, participants will also be asked to wear a blood pressure monitor for 3 days/nights.There will be a total of seven in-person visits. At the first visit we will explain the study, ask interested participants to sign a consent form, collect information, and distribute study materials and devices. During all subsequent visits, participants will answer questionnaires and be provided additional study materials and devices.
Own an iOS smartphone (iPhone)
Willingness to update smartphone to access the current version of the Screen Time application
Willingness to participate in surveys, wear health monitoring devices, and provide screenshots of their smartphone’s screentime application throughout the entire study
Age 18 to 29 years old
Taking prescribed medications that affect sleep
Recent shift work
Sleep disorder diagnosis or any cardiovascular disease
Primarily use an Android smartphone
Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea using Targeted Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation - The OSPREY Study (LNS005)
Multi-center, open-label, prospective, randomized trial of the aura6000 system in adults patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea who have failed other treatments. Primary objective includes demonstrating safety and effectiveness of the aura6000 system after 6 months of stimulation when compared to a control group with no stimulation.
The study involves up to 18 visits over a 16-month period. The study is broken into 4 parts:1.Screening: Participants visit the research center to review health history and answer questions. During this time, a few sleep studies are done to make sure this is the right option.2.Implant: During a same-day outpatient procedure, the aura6000® device is implanted beneath the skin.3.Group Assignment: Participants are randomly assigned into one of two groups. Group 1 will have the device turned on after 1 month, whereas Group 2 will have the device turned on after 7 months4.Follow Up: Participants visit the research center and sleep lab regularly for overnight sleep tests. These visits allow the study team to program the device and see if the implant is helping. There are also questionnaires that participants fill out to measure sleep quality.
Willing and capable of using the remote control and charger to activate the therapy and charge the implant, complete all questionnaires, return for all follow-up evaluations and sleep studies for the duration of the study.
A documented diagnosis of moderate to severe OSA with an AHI of at least 15 using the AASM guideline for scoring hypopneas based a nasal pressure drop of 30% or greater and a desaturation of 4%.
Declines to use or does not tolerate PAP therapy.
No difficulty with sleeping in unfamiliar environments and can do so without the use of drugs or medications.
Dependent on or frequently taking medications (such as opioids, narcotics, or stimulants) that significantly alter consciousness, the pattern of respiration, sleep architecture, or with known effect on sleep-wake function or alertness.
Moderate to severe (or poorly controlled) respiratory disease (e.g. COPD such as emphysema, TB, chest wall disease, uncontrolled asthma, allergic rhinitis, etc.), or is on supplemental oxygen therapy to control the respiratory disease.
One of the following: moderate to severe heart failure or a history of persistent atrial fibrillation, unstable angina, recent history of MI (<6m), severe cardiac arrhythmias, or uncontrolled systemic or pulmonary hypertension.
Neurological, neuromuscular, or neurodegenerative disorders; Other sleep disorders (narcolepsy, insomnia, RLS, PLMS); Active psychiatric condition that might interfere with the patient's compliance with the protocol, or effect the endpoints' assessment.
Social Media Usage Effect on Symptomatology for Those with Obsessive-Compulsive
This study seeks to explore how social media use may result in increased severity of compulsions and/or obsessions in those with symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants will complete questionnaires, digital sleep and social media journals.
social media user
Individuals who display symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (self-reported)
Has unlimited access to device for social media
Understanding Suicide and Self-Harm Among Young Adults in Daily Life
This study explores participants mood and how it changes from day to day and how mood and other things like personality and relationships influence thoughts of suicide or self-harm. Participants will both track and be able to visualize their mood and other experiences on a daily basis from their own smartphones.
There will be a set of questionnaires to complete online that will last between 45 and 90 minutes. Then participants will complete very brief (about 2 minute) surveys a few times per day on their smartphone over 12 weeks.
Undergraduate student at Penn State
Have thoughts of suicide or self-harm in the past 12 months
Own and use an Apple iOS or Android smartphone device
Not a Penn State undergraduate student
Does not own an Apple iOS or Android smartphone device
Unwilling/unable to download and utilize study smartphone app
Use of the Frequen-ZZZ Sleep Pad to Increase Restorative Sleep: A Proof-of-Concept Study
This research is a small, 8wk clinical trial testing the potential effects of an investigational device, Frequen-ZZZ/Sleepergize Sleep Pad, on the sleep of adults 40-65 years old. We aim to determine whether sleeping with the Sleep Pad, which creates an electromagnetic field around the sleeper, has an improving effect on sleep. Sleep will be primarily measured using a non-invasive clinical standard method, called polysomnography (PSG), for 6 separate nights in the personal residence of participants. Sleep will also be measured both day and night with a watch-like device that measures activity, and with surveys. We will look for changes in sleep quality, in sleep duration, and in the way that sleep is organized by the body. We will also measure changes in inflammation, which is related to sleep, from 3 blood samples collected during the study. There are 15-17 in-person appointments across the course of the study. With the data, we hope to also evaluate the feasibility and effect sizes of this non-pharmacological intervention to inform future research, and we plan to use data in support of a future FDA application for the device.
Participation involves sleeping with the investigational device, 6 separate nights of sleep monitoring in your home with standard equipment that is used in clinical settings, 3 blood draws, surveys, and wearing an activity watch, all over the course of an ~8wk participation period. There are 15-17 in-person appointments and about 15 active hours of engagement involved in the study.
At least some Insomnia symptoms
Living without assistance and able to sign own informed consent
Not a nocturnal shift or rotating shift-worker
Diagnosed with a sleep disorder
Pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant
Taking prescribed medication or therapy for sleep
Early Identification in Older Adults of Risks to Sleep Health, Movement, and Cognition Using Ecological Methods
This proposal is a prospective study in which we will collect both subjective and objective quantitative data from older adults residing in independent living retirement communities, microlongitudinally (~1wk). Comprehensive measures of sleep health, cognition, and movement will be collected at community residences. The first phase of this project will recruit local, State College area adults over 70 residing in independent living facilities (e.g., Foxdale Village and The Village at Penn State). A second phase of data collection will extend to community-based older adults in rural parts of Centre and nearby counties.With this prospective, microlongitudinal information we will evaluate the characteristics of sleep predictive of daytime cognitive and neurobehavioral function and use those conclusions to inform nonpharmacologic, preventative interventions for older adults.
After consent, there will be 6 study visits at either Penn State University Park campus or at the participant's personal residence. Study participation lasts about 1 week.Participants wear non-invasive ambulatory watch-like activity monitors throughout (both day and night) the week. Participants complete electronic surveys and cognitive tests 6 times daily, with additional surveys at study conclusion.Sleep and daytime brain and heart activity are recorded (without video) using non-invasive clinical-type wire sensors applied to the face, head, and chest. Wires are worn on the face, head, and chest throughout the first two study nights. Wires are worn on the head and chest throughout the first two study days. There is not a sleep intervention in this study. We are collecting data about the typical sleep health of older adults and its relation to cognitive health.
Resident of PA, Centre County region
Living without functional assistance
Able to walk unassisted for at least 5min
Evidence of cognitive impairment (will be tested)